Parenting Styles of Lebanese Mothers and Fathers

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The association of the parenting styles of Lebanese mothers and fathers to the mental health and achievement of their adolescent and young adult children will be examined in a pioneering study by MUBS and San Jose State University. The research will address important gaps in knowledge in socialization research regarding the parenting patterns that exist in non-European cultures and the developmental outcomes that are associated with such parenting patterns.
The present study will serve as a resource for practitioners who provide services to children and families and draw on existing research that is based on cross-cultural comparisons. The existing cross-cultural research has led some researchers to conclude that authoritarian parenting patterns as well as specific practices such as physical punishment and absence of reasoning/explanation which are associated with detrimental effects for the development of children from European origins is not detrimental to the developmental of children from Asian and Arab origin. These researchers make practice recommendations that authoritative parenting and practices consistent with authoritative parenting (e.g., use of reason and explanation; positive parental attention for positive child behavior) should not be recommended for parents from collectivist cultures. They propose that authoritarian parenting is normative in collectivist groups and that authoritarian parenting practices are not viewed in a negative light as a sign of parental rejection and hostility by children and adolescents belonging to collectivist cultures. Yet, these researchers ignore that much less is known about the prevalence of any given parenting style or practice as well as variation in parenting and child outcomes within groups, cultures, or countries deemed to be collectivistic. The aim, then, of the present study is to contribute to research that can position the field closer to making practice recommendations. Additionally, the study will examine variations in familial factors and processes― in addition to cultural values.

The study is led by Dr. Nael Alami and Dr. Racha Khansa from MUBS and Dr. Nadia Sorkhabi from San Jose State.

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